Materials (Basel). 2013 Jul 9 ;6(7):2701-2712. Epub 2013 Jul 9. PMID: 28811403
Millimeter Wave Radiations Affect Membrane Hydration in Phosphatidylcholine Vesicles.
A clear understanding of the response of biological systems to millimeter waves exposure is of increasing interest for the scientific community due to the recent convincing use of these radiations in the ultrafast wireless communications. Here we report a deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (²H-NMR) investigation on the effects of millimeter waves in the 53-78 GHz range on phosphocholine bio-mimetic membranes. Millimeter waves significantly affect the polar interface of the membrane causing a decrease of the heavy water quadrupole splitting. This effect is as important as inducing thetransition from the fluid to the gel phase when the membrane exposure occurs in the neighborhood of the transition point. On the molecular level, the above effect can be well explained by membrane dehydration induced by the radiation.